IEEE Xplore

Please click here to search IEEE Xplore for recent articles on Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) and Directed Acylic Graph (DAG).


IEEE Press Books


IEEE Special Issues

IEEE Potentials, November/December 2022 - Blockchain Technology
IEEE Potentials, November/December 2022, Blockchain Technology
IEEE Internet of Things Magazine, June 2020 - Blockchain-Enabled Industrial Internet of Things
IEEE Internet of Things Magazine, June 2020, Blockchain-Enabled IIoT
IT Professional, July/August 2019 - Innovations Using Blockchain
IT Professional, July/August 2019, Innovations Using
The Institute, December 2018 - The Promise of Blockchain
The Institute, December 2018
The Promise of Blockchain
EU Parliament Magazine, November 2018 - A New Digital Revolution
EU Parliament Magazine, November 2018
A New Digial Revolution
IEEE Security and Privacy, July/August 2018 - Blockchain Security and Privacy
IEEE Security & Privacy, July/August 2018
Blockchain Security and Privacy
IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, July 2018 - Buying Into the Blockchain
IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, July 2018
Buying Into the Blockchain
IEEE Spectrum, October 2017 - Blockchain World
IEEE Spectrum, October 2017
Blockchain World
Computer, September 2017 - Blockchain Technology in Finance
Computer, September 2017
Blockchain Technology in Finance
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, December 2015 - Blockchain Thinking
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, December 2015
Blockchain Thinking


IEEE Talks Blockchain

IEEE Talks BlockchainIEEE Talks Blockchain: Overview of the Blockchain Ecosystem


In our latest IEEE Talks Blockchain Q&A session, we spoke with Dr. Ramesh Ramadoss, co-chair of the IEEE Blockchain Initiative. Dr. Ramadoss discusses the evolution of the blockchain ecosystem, including emerging applications, standardization efforts, and opportunities for future growth and development.

Read more



IEEE White Papers

IEEE Blockchain Transactive Energy (BCTE) Position PaperIEEE Blockchain Transactive Energy (BCTE) Position Paper
A Bridge to a Democratized Energy Marketplace
IEEE Blockchain - May 2021

This Position Paper describes the basic framework and principles for using blockchain technology in power and energy domains with the emerging participatory grid. A key goal is the development of the most promising global Transactive Energy use cases which can be advanced toward broader commercialization using blockchain technology.

Access the paper


Reinforcing the Links of the Blockchain
IEEE Future Directions - November 2017

The purpose of this white paper is to explore the various ways by which the IEEE can lead and support an initiative on Blockchain while providing educational materials that will foster the next generation of blockchain engineers. This white paper summarizes and expands upon the IEEE Blockchain Incubator Workshop held by IEEE Future Directions at the end of October in 2017.

Download the white paper (PDF, 1 MB)


IEEE Blockchain Articles

Blockchain for Business Value: A Contract and Work Flow Management to Reduce Disputes Pilot Project
IEEE Engineering Management Review - December 2018

By Liang Xi Downey; Frédéric Bauchot; Jos Röling

Blockchain technology has seen significant growth, hype, and potential new developments over the past few years. In this article additional insights into how blockchain can add value to a business process relationship is detailed. Specifically an engineering contract workflow use application pilot including various high level system architectural aspects are presented. This application shows the integration of blockchain technology with existing legacy systems. Some management and technology issues are also overviewed for the reader.

Read more at IEEE Xplore


Blockchain-Enabled E-Voting
IEEE Software - July/August 2018

By Nir Kshetri and Jeffrey Voas

Published in the July/August 2018 issue of IEEE Software; recognized among the top eight winners of the 2018 Most Influential Blockchain Research Papers by the Third Blockchain Connect Conference Awards.

"E-Voting is among the key public sectors that can be disrupted by blockchain technology. The idea in blockchain-enabled e-voting (BEV) is simple. To use a digital-currency analogy, BEV issues each voter a “wallet” containing a user credential. Each voter gets a single “coin” representing one opportunity to vote. Casting a vote transfers the voter’s coin to a candidate’s wallet. A voter can spend his or her coin only once. However, voters can change their vote before a preset deadline."

Download the paper (PDF, 463 KB)


Blockchain-GDPR Privacy by DesignBlockchain-GDPR Privacy by Design: How Decentralized Blockchain Internet Will Comply with GDPR Data Privacy
July 2018

By Claudio Lima, Ph.D., Blockchain Engineering Council, BEC Co-Founder; Vice Chair, IEEE Blockchain Standards

"The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that was recently approved for implementation in the EEUU by May 25th, 2018 is already creating some controversies, when confronted with emerging Blockchain technologies, regarding what they have most in common: data privacy and protection. These are two are essential areas where Blockchain shines."

Download the paper (PDF, 899 KB)

Read Dr. Lima's article "Adapting Blockchain for GDPR Compliance" at InformationWeek


External Publications

Enhanced Distributed Ledger Technology
NIST Computer Security Resource Center - September 2019

The blockchain data structure and proof-of-work protocol were designed to solve the problem of double spending in cryptocurrencies. Although blockchain has found many applications outside of cryptocurrency, many of its features are not well suited to common data management applications. The added trust of distributed ledgers is a valuable feature, providing greatly simplified auditability and verification of actions among multiple parties in applications such as supply chain and others, but there are tradeoffs.

Blockchain's hash-based integrity verification provides trust, at the cost of an inability to delete or update records, leading to design complications that would not arise with conventional database management systems. Similarly, the sequencing guarantees of blockchain consensus protocols are needed for cryptocurrency in the absence of a universal timestamp. Moreover, actions within the distributed ledger must be connected with other actions in the real world, through accurate timestamps. We are developing a new architecture that provides the trust features of blockchains, with characteristics that allow for simpler designs and greater practicality in conventional data management problems. We believe this alternative can lead to new approaches to incorporating trust into distributed systems applications.

Read more at NIST


Blockchain and Economic Development: Hype vs. Reality
Center for Global Development - July 2017

Increasing attention is being paid to the potential of blockchain technology to address long-standing challenges related to economic development. Blockchain proponents argue that it will expand opportunities for exchange and collaboration by reducing reliance on intermediaries and the frictions associated with them. The purpose of this paper is to provide a clear-eyed view of the technology’s potential in the context of development. In it, we focus on identifying the questions that development practitioners should be asking technologists, and challenges that innovators must address for the technology to meet its potential.

Read more at the Center for Global Development


A Case Study for Blockchain in Healthcare: “MedRec” prototype for electronic health records and medical research data
MIT Media Lab, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center - August 2016

A decentralized record management system to handle electronic health records, using Blockchain technology that manages authentication, confidentiality, accountability and data sharing.

Download white paper at (PDF, 591 KB)